â€œAnimationâ€ derived from the Latin name which is called â€œanimaâ€ which is also known as animating principle.
A vital force is present inside every living object. In Greek, it is also known as psyche. In relation to Christian concept it is like giving soul to in animate objects.
The animation which was used or performed in the 20th century is known as the traditional animation. It is also known as cell animation or hand drawn animations. The individual frames of it are the photographs of drawings. The image is first traced or drawn on the paper. To create an illusion or movement to it each drawing slightly differs from the one before. The drawings are first traced or Xeroxed onto transparent acetate sheets called cells. Then it is been given color of filled with paint on the opposite of line drawing. The completed character cells are photographed one onto motion picture against a painted background.
In the beginning of 21st century the animatorsâ€™ drawings and the backgrounds are scanned or drawn directly into computer. Different softwares are used to color the drawings and stimulate the effects.
The different types of traditional animation are :
- Full animation is having the drawing of animation which is distinctly different and produce a high quality traditional animated films.
- Limited animation â€“ here the cartoon is not completely redrawn. It reuse the common parts of the cartoon images. It reduces the number of images. A set of eye, mouth, etc are placed on the head and photographed. In this the expression is limited.
- Rotoscoping refer to painting a photographed image frame by frame.
- Live action/animation is a technique to combine the hand-drawn characters with the real actors.